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Cryptocurrency exchange  . USA - Wilmington, Delaware. During the tenure of the George W. Bush administration , relations between India and the United States were seen to have blossomed, primarily over common concerns regarding growing Islamic extremism , energy security, and climate change.
Bush commented, "India is a great example of democracy. It is very devout, has diverse religious heads, but everyone is comfortable about their religion.
The world needs India". Bush as "being the most pro-Indian president in American history. According to Laskar , the UPA rule has seen a "transformation in bilateral ties with the US", as a result of which the relations now covers "a wide range of issues, including high technology, space, education, agriculture, trade, clean energy, counter-terrorism, etc". After the December tsunami , the US and Indian navies cooperated in search and rescue operations and in the reconstruction of affected areas.
Since , Washington and New Delhi have been pursuing a "strategic partnership" that is based on shared values and generally convergent geopolitical interests. Numerous economic, security, and global initiatives - including plans for civilian nuclear cooperation - are underway.
This latter initiative, first launched in , reversed three decades of American non-proliferation policy. Also in , the United States and India signed a ten-year defence framework agreement, with the goal of expanding bilateral security cooperation. The two countries engaged in numerous and unprecedented combined military exercises, and major US arms sales to India were concluded. The value of all bilateral trade tripled from to and continues to grow, while significant two-way investment also grows and flourishes.
The influence of a large Indian-American community is reflected in the largest country-specific caucus in the United States Congress , while between more than , Indian students have attended American colleges and universities. Between and Western think-tanks , especially in the US and UK, failed to foresee the swing in electoral voting patterns of the growing middle-class and anticipate the scale of political change in India brought about by improvements in basic education and freedom of the press.
According to Michael Kugelman, South and Southeast Asia expert at the Woodrow Wilson International Center, the US was unprepared to meet new challenges in India because of its "inability to keep pace with the transformations.
He also said that both countries are strengthening the relations between their defence and research organisations. On 2 July , U. WikiLeaks revelations that Western intelligence agencies have used foreign aid workers and staff at NGOs as non-official cover prompted the Government of India to step-up the monitoring of satellite phones and movement of personnel working for humanitarian relief organisations and development aid agencies in the vicinity of sensitive locations. According to some analysts, India-US relations have been strained over the Obama administration's approach to Pakistan and the handling of the Taliban insurgency in Afghanistan.
Narayanan , criticised the Obama administration for linking the Kashmir dispute to the instability in Pakistan and Afghanistan, and said that by doing so, President Obama was "barking up the wrong tree. It also suggested that India take a more proactive role in rebuilding Afghanistan , irrespective of the attitude of the Obama Administration. Consequently, the Obama Administration may find itself at odds with India's rigid stance against terrorism.
India and US governments have differed on a variety of regional issues ranging from India's cordial relations with Iran and Russia to foreign policy disagreements relating to Sri Lanka, Maldives, Myanmar and Bangladesh. Calling India and the United States "natural allies",  Blake said that the United States cannot afford to meet the strategic priorities in Pakistan and Afghanistan at "the expense of India".
India criticised the Obama Administration's decision to limit H-1B temporary visas , and India's then External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee later, the President of India until said that his country would oppose US " protectionism " at various international forums.
In May , Obama reiterated his anti-outsourcing views and criticised the current US tax policy "that says you should pay lower taxes if you create a job in Bangalore, India, than if you create one in Buffalo, New York. She also rebuked protectionist policies, saying that "[United States] will not use the global financial crisis as an excuse to fall back on protectionism.
We hope India will work with us to create a more open, equitable set of opportunities for trade between our nations. Krishna, visited Washington, D. As leader of the US delegation, Secretary of State Clinton lauded India as "an indispensable partner and a trusted friend". Eisenhower in to ever address a joint session of the Parliament of India. Marshals Service and held in the general inmate population.
India demanded an apology from the U. Embassy in New Delhi. The Indian government also blocked non-diplomats from using the American Community Support Association ACSA club and American Embassy Club in New Delhi, ordering these social clubs to cease all commercial activities benefiting non-diplomatic personnel by 16 January American diplomats were asked to show work contracts of all domestic help cooks, gardeners, drivers and security staff employed within their households.
Khobragade was subject to prosecution at the time of her arrest because she had only consular immunity which gives one immunity from prosecution only for acts committed in connection with official duties and not the more extensive diplomatic immunity. State Department had told Khobragade to leave the country. Blackwill , the former U. President Obama visited India in January Speaking at Harvard Law School in , U. Attorney in Manhattan Preet Bharara , in the Khobragade case, said: That is why career agents in the State Department asked career prosecutors in my office to approve criminal charges.
Khobragade was originally a highly sympathetic figure in India, as Indians viewed her arrest as an affront to national dignity. Opinions in India shifted, however, after Khobragade was the subject of two inquiries by the Indian government.
Human rights activists accused Modi of fostering anti-Muslim violence. Michael Kugelman of the Wilson Center opined that although technically speaking there was no US 'visa ban' from to , the US government policy of considering Modi as persona non grata had resulted in a defacto travel-ban. Exploring opportunities on how to move the relationship out of a state of morose, Lisa Curtis, senior research fellow for South Asia in the Asian Studies Center of the Heritage Foundation , says that "the U.
Bush, spoke at length about India-US relations and said: He is candid and frank. I also worked with him during the Gujarat earthquake when I was posted as the US ambassador to India. It was mistake by the current Obama administration to delay engagement with Mr Modi.
I do not know why they did so but definitely, this did not help in building relationship. The old formula and stereotypes will not work if the US administration wants to engage with Mr Modi. The Indian prime minister is candid, direct and smart. He speaks his mind. They have to do something innovative to engage with him.
Robert Blackwill, former US ambassador to India opined: Nicholas Burns , former U. Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs from to , has spoken about the visa denial by saying: In , the US Commission for International Religious Freedom USCIRF report  after ignoring the views and decision of independent body SIT set up by India's highest judiciary  vehemently alleged that there was "significant evidence" linking Narendra Modi to communal riots in the state in and asked the Obama administration to continue the policy of preventing him from travelling to the United States of America.
The Obama administration maintained the decision taken by the George W. The visa refusal came after some Indian-American groups and human rights organizations with political view campaigned against Modi, including the Coalition Against Genocide. At present, India and the US share an extensive and expanding cultural, strategic, military, and economic relationship      which is in the phase of implementing confidence building measures CBM to overcome the legacy of trust deficit - brought about by adversarial US foreign policies     and multiple instances of technology denial      - which have plagued the relationship over several decades.
Key recent developments include the rapid growth of India's economy, closer ties between the Indian and American industries especially in the Information and communications technology ICT , engineering and medical sectors, an informal entente to manage an increasingly assertive China , robust cooperation on counter-terrorism, the deterioration of U. Income creation in the USA through knowledge-based employment by Asian Indians has outpaced every other ethnic group according to U.
US and India continue to differ on issues ranging from trade to civil liberties. Singh reiterated India's commitment to work within an international framework to tackle the problem of trafficking but rejected any "unilateral assessments" by another country saying "We will never accept it" and downplayed the importance of the visits: I can do no better than to reiterate the U.
The truth is that continuing to escalate the quality of arms available to an irresponsible regime that has sent terrorists to India, and in the name of anti-terrorism, is cynicism of the highest order,".
In February , Indian ambassador to the U. Navtej Sarna hosted a reception for the National Governors Association NGA , which was attended by the Governors of 25 states and senior representatives of 3 more states. This was the first time such an event has occurred. As we grow our 21st century economy, India has been so instrumental in helping us build our technology, medical professions.
We recognise a country that has been such a close strategic ally of the US. That's why we the Governors are here tonight. During the run-off to the Indian general election, there was wide-ranging scepticism regarding the future of the India-US strategic relationship.
Narendra Modi, whose US visa had been revoked while he was the Chief Minister of Gujarat , had been boycotted by US officials for almost a decade  for his alleged role in the Gujarat riots. Moreover, following his election as the Prime Minister of India President Obama congratulated him over telephone and invited him to visit the US. While there, Modi also met several American business leaders and invited them to join his ambitious Make in India program in a bid to make India a manufacturing hub.
The conspicuous absence of major announcements, a key indicator of the state of US relations with the host country, led political commentators in both countries to highlight the confidence-building aspects of the visit     .
Prime Minister Narendra Modi toured the Silicon Valley and met with entrepreneurs - several of whom are persons of Indian origin - involved in successful microelectronics, digital communications and biotechnology start-ups to promote the NDA government's Make in India initiative.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi while visiting the United States addressed a joint session of Congress highlighting the common traits of both democracies and long-term friendship between the two countries. Modi drew on parallels between the two countries and addressed a variety of issues where the two countries have worked together in the past and where the future course of action would lie.
On 8 November , US has announced a grant of nearly USD , for organisations which can come up with ideas and projects to promote religious freedom in India and Sri Lanka. The Pentagon describes the agreements as "routine instruments that the U. American officials have stated that the agreements are not prerequisites for bilateral defence co-operation, but would make it simpler and more cost-effective to carry out activities such as refueling aircraft or ships in each other's countries and providing disaster relief.
The agreement enables the sharing of military intelligence between the two countries and requires each country to protect the others' classified information. The LEMOA permits the military of either country to use the others' bases for re-supplying or carrying out repairs. The agreement does not make the provision of logistical support binding on either country, and requires individual clearance for each request.
CISMOA enables the two countries to share secure communication and exchange information on approved equipment during bilateral and multinational training exercises and operations. Pant, professor of International relations at King's College London, highlighted the importance of India to US strategic planning by saying: Recognising India as a key to its strategic interests, the United States has sought to strengthen its relationship with India.
The two countries are the world's largest democracies, and both are committed to political freedom protected by representative government. The US and India have a common interest in the free flow of commerce and resources, including through the vital sea lanes of the Indian Ocean. There have been some differences, however, including US concerns over the nuclear weapons programmes and the pace of economic reforms in India.
In the past, these concerns may have dominated US thinking, but today the US views India as a growing world power with which it shares common strategic interests. High-level meetings and concrete cooperation between the two countries increased during and The two leaders announced the successful completion of the NSSP, as well as other agreements which further enhanced cooperation in the areas of civil nuclear, civil space, and high-technology commerce.
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